Wednesday, June 18, 2014

ZOO NEGARA : ENDANGERED SPECIES (4)

REPTILES


GIANT ASIAN POND TURTLE



Object Category
Reptile
Name
Giant Asian pond turtle
Scientific Name
Heosemys grandis
Date
22/5/2014
Time
2.17 p.m.
Location
Latitude: 3.2099438 (3°12ˈ35.7984̎)
Longitude: 101.7561127 (101°45ˈ22.0062̎)
Characteristic
Has an orange spot on the face. The carapace has a single, well-shaped keel and spiny marginal. The forelimbs are covered with scales, the toes are webbed. The plastron is yellow with radiating dark lines on every plate
Origin
Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia
Food
Figs and other fruits, green vegetation and earthworms
Activities
When on land, it spends its time partially hidden under shrubbery
Color
Brown to grayish-brown or black
Habitat
Swampy wetlands and mountain streams
Height/Weight
14 cm/ up to 12 kg
Life Span
10-15 years
IUCN status
Vulnerable
Notes
Also known as Orange Headed Temple Turtle

























 ALDABRAN TORTOISE



Object Category
Reptile
Name
Aldabran tortoise
Scientific Name
Geochelone gigantea
Date
22/5/2014
Time
2.16 p.m. 
Location
Latitude: 3.2099438 (3°12ˈ35.7984̎)
Longitude: 101.7561127 (101°45ˈ22.0062̎)
Characteristic
The thick, domed carapace is dark grey to black in color and the robust limbs are covered in bony scales, as is the small, pointed head.
Origin
Ethiopian
Food
Grasses, woody plants and dead crabs
Activities
Protect themselves from mosquitoes by wallowing in mud. The females seek a soft sandy spot and lay between 9 and 25 eggs.
Color
Dark gray to black
Habitat
Grassland, scrub and mangrove. Shelter under trees at mid day
Height/Weight
105 cm/ up to 120 kg
Life Span
The estimated lifespan is over 100 years, possibly up to 150 years. 
IUCN status
Vulnerable
Notes
The Aldabra tortoise is one of the longest-lived animals on earth. No one knows exactly how long these animals are capable of living, but they are believed to easily surpass 100 years. One zoo estimates the age of their tortoise to be 176 years old

IGUANA/ GREEN IGUANA 



Object Category
Reptile 
Name
Iguana/ Green iguana
Scientific Name
Iguana iguana
Date
22/5/2014
Time
2.24 p.m.
Location
Latitude: 3.2099438 (3°12ˈ35.7984̎)
Longitude: 101.7561127 (101°45ˈ22.0062̎)
Characteristic
Has a long body covered with soft leathery scales, a long tail and short legs
Origin
Southern Mexico to central Brazil, Dominican Republic, Paraguay, and Bolivia and the Caribbean
Food
Ripen fruits and leaves
Activities
Active during the day. The seasonal reproductive cycle is correlated with rainfall. The mating season usually occurs in the fall, which is the first half of the dry season, and only lasts a couple of weeks.
Color
Greenish-gray color
Habitat
Forest canopy, 40-50 meter above the ground. Tropical rainforest, near rivers or streams
Height/Weight
1.5 to 2 m/ up to 8 kg
Life Span
Up to 20 years
IUCN status
Threatened
Notes
The green iguana is a wonderful swimmer. An iguana can stay under water comfortably for up to 30 minutes


ESTUARINE CROCODILE 



Object Category
Reptile
Name
Estuarine Crocodile
Scientific Name
Crocodylus porosus
Date
22/5/2014
Time
2.25 p.m.
Location
Latitude: 3.2099438 (3°12ˈ35.7984̎)
Longitude: 101.7561127 (101°45ˈ22.0062̎)
Characteristic
Well-toothed snout, eyes and nostrils set atop the head, thick skin with
embedded bony plates, long muscular tail, streamlined
body and short limbs with clawed webbed feet
Origin
Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines,  Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Food
Juveniles feed on insects, crabs, frogs;
Adults take large mammals and birds
Activities
Use the water, sun and shade to regulate their body temperature and move between these warm and cool parts of their environment to adjust it. They are regularly seen basking in the sun with a mouth gaping posture.
Color
Adults typically have a heavy build and range in color from golden tan to grey or almost black, with irregular darker mottling. Juveniles are brightly patterned and are generally pale tan in color, with black stripes and spots on the body and tail. The underside of the animal is
generally cream colored
Habitat
Coastal area, rivers and lakes
Height/Weight
3 to 5 meter/ up to 150 kg
Life Span
70 years on average
IUCN status
Threatened
Notes
Estuarine Crocodiles communicate with each other using sound, visual and chemical signals. Hatchlings ‘chirp’ to gain the attention of their mother and to keep members of the creche together. Adults and juveniles may emit a low rumbling growl in response to a predator, and males will also growl to advertise their presence during the breeding season


AFRICAN DWARF CROCODILE



Object Category
Reptile
Name
African dwarf crocodile
Scientific Name
Osteolaemus tetraspis
Date
22/5/2014
Time
2.26 p.m.
Location
Latitude: 3.2099438 (3°12ˈ35.7984̎)
Longitude: 101.7561127 (101°45ˈ22.0062̎)
Characteristic
Short, broad snout and tough scales that cover their entire black body 
Origin
rainforests of West Africa
Food
Fish, amphibian, insects and worms
Activities
Generally solitary except during the breeding season. When threatened, it dives underwater and hides in holes under the bank.
Color
Black with a yellowish underside
Habitat
Rainforest swamps, ponds and slow moving rivers
Height/Weight
1.6 – 1.9 meter/18-32 kg
Life Span
50-100 years
IUCN status
Threatened
Notes
People once thought that Dwarf Crocodiles were cannibals because the mother carries the young in a throat pouch in her mouth, to get them to the water safely.